Paolo Grossi is Professor of Infectious Diseases at the University of Insubria in Varese, Italy. Since the beginning of his career he performed his clinical and research activity at the Infectious Diseases Department of the University of Pavia. In 1993 he moved, as visiting professor, to the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where he remained to the end of 1994. Since the year 2000 he is professor of Infectious Diseases and director of the residency programs in Infectious Diseases and in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine at the University of Insubria, Varese, Italy. From February 2001 he is the Director of the Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department of the Ospedale di Circolo and Fondazione Macchi of Varese, Italy, where, starting from April 2009 he is the Director of the Department of Transplantation. The main research interest is in the field of infectious complications in transplant recipients and he participated to many research project in this area. He is author or co-author of more than 200 publications in the field of infectious disease in immunocompromised patients. From 1999 he is the advisor for all infectious diseases related problems at the Italian National Centre for Transplantation in Italy and covers the role of “second opinion” for all organ donors with potentially transmissible infectious diseases. Since 2001 he is a member of the Steering Committee of the program of Liver, kidney, kidney-pancreas, Lung and Heart transplantation in HIV+ individuals in Italy. In April 2013 he was elected co-Chair of the ID Council of the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation and subsequently chair of the ID committee. He is currently the past-chair of the ID council of ISHLT. In July 2013 he was nominated member of the WHO International Health Regulations Roster of Experts, as an expert in Essential health technologies (Transplantation services).